Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), the initial enzyme in the polyamine biosynthetic pathway, has been used as a marker for the hyperplasia that occurs following exposure of mouse epidermis to the tumor promoter 12-0-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA). Using flow cytometry in combination with polyclonal antibodies to ODC, we examined the levels of ODC-associated immunoreactive protein present within mouse epidermal cells at 4 and 24 h after a single topical application of TPA, as well as following chronic exposure to TPA and in papillomas. Basal levels of ODC-specific antibody binding were detectable in acetone-treated CD-I mouse epidermis and were increased 3-fold at 4 h after TPA treatment. The amount of ODC antibody binding detected after exposure to 17 nmol TPA twice weekly for 3 weeks was similar to that detected within cells isolated from papillomas and was 2.5-fold higher than in cells isolated at 4 h after a single topical treatment of mice with TPA. These observations support the hypothesis that specific subpopulations of keratinocytes constitutively express high levels of ODC following chronic exposure to TPA. The novel method for ODC detection described in these studies provides a means to identify, isolate, and further characterize epidermal cells that may give rise to papillomas and carcinomas.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - Aug 1 1990|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research