We have used a model of hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in adult male C57BL/6 mice to study insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and IGF-binding protein (IGFBP) expression in response to cerebral hypoxia-ischemia (H/I) in the adult mouse. A period of 20 min of H/I that resulted in histopathology in cortex, striatum, and thalamus was correlated with induction of mRNA for IGF-I, IGFBP-2, IGFBP-3, IGFBP-5, and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) by 4 days of recovery. Increased IGF-I mRNA was located within damaged regions and was surrounded by IGFBP-2 mRNA expression. The results of combined immunostaining/in situ hybridzation showed that the cells expressing IGFBP-2 mRNA were also GFAP-positive and comprised a subset of activated astrocytes immediately surrounding areas of damage. In contrast, staining within damaged regions showed high numbers of cells immunopositive for F4/80 and lectin B4 indicative of microglia and macrophages but no cells immunopositive for the astrocytic proteins GFAP or S-100β. Microglia/macrophages within the damaged areas expressed IGF-I mRNA and were also immunopositive for the proliferating cell nuclear antigen. To determine whether expression of IGF-I could contribute to proliferation of microglia, we treated purified cultures of adult brain microglia with IGF-I in the presence of 3H-thymidine. IGF-I stimulated a twofold increase in DNA synthesis in cultures of adult brain microglia. Taken together with previous data demonstrating that IGF-I promotes proliferation of peripheral macrophages, these data support the hypothesis that IGF-I is an autocrine/paracrine mitogen for microglia/macrophages after H/I.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- CNS insult
- Growth factors
- Trophic factors