Interleukin 17 receptor E (IL-17RE) is an orphan receptor of the IL-17 receptor family. Here we show that IL-17RE is a receptor specific to IL-17C and has an essential role in host mucosal defense against infection. IL-17C activated downstream signaling through IL-17RE-IL-17RA complex for the induction of genes encoding antibacterial peptides as well as proinflammatory molecules. IL-17C was upregulated in colon epithelial cells during infection with Citrobacter rodentium and acted in synergy with IL-22 to induce the expression of antibacterial peptides in colon epithelial cells. Loss of IL-17C-mediated signaling in IL-17RE-deficient mice led to lower expression of genes encoding antibacterial molecules, greater bacterial burden and early mortality during infection. Together our data identify IL-17RE as a receptor of IL-17C that regulates early innate immunity to intestinal pathogens.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Dec 2011|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy