The reactivity of protein S4-specific antibody preparations with 30 S ribosomal subunits and intermediates of in vitro subunit reconstitution has been characterized using a quantitative antibody binding assay. Anti-S4 antibody preparations did not react with native 30 S ribosomal subunits; however, they did react with various subunit assembly intermediates that lacked proteins S5 and S12. The inclusion of proteins S5 and S12 in reconstituted particles resulted in a large decrease in anti-S4 reactivity, and it was concluded that proteins S5 and S12 are primarily responsible for the masking of S4 antigenic determinants in the 30 S subunit. The effect of S5 and S12 on S4 accessibility is consistent with data from a variety of other approaches, suggesting that these proteins form a structural and functional domain in the small ribosomal subunit.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Structural Biology
- Molecular Biology