MPB70 and MPB80 (MPB70/80) and MPB83 are closely related antigens which are highly expressed in Mycobacterium bovis. MPB70/80 are soluble secreted antigens, while MPB83 is an exported lipoprotein associated with the bacterial surface. In the present study, these antigens had different mobilities in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis under reducing and nonreducing conditions. These differences may be explained by the fact that MPB70 and MPB83 both have two internal cysteine residues which would create ring structures by disulfide bonding. We analyzed the structures of MPB70/80 and MPB83 by using monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) raised against bovine purified protein derivative or whole M. bovis cells. MAb 1-5C reacted specifically with MPB70 and MPB80, and MAb MBS43 reacted specifically with MPB83, while the other antibodies, including several previously described MAbs, bound all three antigens. MAbs and polyclonal antibodies reacted strongly with reduced protein and less well with nonreduced protein, indicating involvement of linear epitopes. Epitopes of MAbs Bov-1, 2-6B, 1-5C, and 1-1D were mapped by using synthetic peptides of MPB70. Sequence comparison showed the peptide with the 1-5C-reactive epitope to have three residues different from those in the homologous region of MPB83. Exchanges of A for S in position 112 or Q for E in position 116 abolished the reactivity of MAb 1-5C. Polyclonal rabbit antibodies to native purified MPB70 reacted strongly with peptides 6, 7, and 8 of the N-terminal half of mature MPB70. Cattle sera of experimentally M. bovis-infected animals recognized a broader spectrum of peptides. These findings indicate that there is diagnostic potential for these proteins and that there is also a possible role for antibodies in elucidation of the host-mycobacterium relationship involving a surface-bound and exposed lipoprotein, MPB83, and its highly homologous soluble secreted MPB70/80 counterparts.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Infectious Diseases