Immunological properties of mesenchymal stem cells and clinical implications

Shyam A. Patel, Lauren Sherman, Jessian Munoz, Pranela Rameshwar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

123 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The rapid evolution of experimental data has acknowledged the critical relevance of immune biology in stem cell research. It appears that efficient transfer of stem cells to patients requires robust analyses of the immune properties as well as the responses of the stem cells to immune mediators. This review discusses the biology of adult human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in the context of immunology. MSCs are pluripotent, self-renewing cells with the potential for tissue regeneration, for example the repair of bone, cartilage, tendon, ligament, skeletal muscle, and cardiac muscle. MSCs have also been shown to transdifferentiate into cells of ectodermal origin, such as neurons. MSCs are located in perfused areas of adult bone marrow, whereas hematopoietic stem cells are located in poorly perfused areas of the same organ. MSCs show bimodal, i.e. anti-inflammatory and immune-enhancing, immune responses. MSCs also regulate immune responses such as the regulation of antibody production by B cells, alterations in T cell subtypes, and immune tolerance of allogeneic transplants. MSCs also have the potential for gene delivery. This review explores the diverse clinical potential for MSCs and discusses the limitations and advantages of their immunomodulatory properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalArchivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis
Volume56
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2008

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Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
Stem Cells
Stem Cell Research
Immune Tolerance
Hematopoietic Stem Cells
Allergy and Immunology
Ligaments
Tendons
Cartilage
Antibody Formation
Regeneration
Myocardium
Skeletal Muscle
B-Lymphocytes
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Bone Marrow
T-Lymphocytes
Transplants
Neurons
Bone and Bones

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology

Cite this

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Immunological properties of mesenchymal stem cells and clinical implications. / Patel, Shyam A.; Sherman, Lauren; Munoz, Jessian; Rameshwar, Pranela.

In: Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis, Vol. 56, No. 1, 01.02.2008, p. 1-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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