Single crystalline Bi1−xCaxMnO3 (0.74≤x≤0.82) were studied with neutron scattering, electron diffraction, and bulk magnetic measurement. We discovered dynamic ferromagnetic spin correlations at high temperatures, which are replaced by antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations at a concomitant charge ordering and structural transition. Our results indicate that thermal-activated hopping of the Jahn-Teller active eg electrons in these insulating materials, nevertheless, induces ferromagnetic interaction through the double-exchange mechanism. It is the ordering of these charges which competes with the double-exchange ferromagnetic metallic state.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)