Implication of CD44 in adhesion-mediated overproduction of TGF-β and IL-1 in monocytes from patients with bone marrow fibrosis

Pranela Rameshwar, Victor T. Chang, Pedro Gascón

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42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Myelofibrosis (MF) is characterized by bone marrow (BM) fibrosis and excessive deposits of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins which include fibronectin (FN), collagen type I and hyaluronic acid (HA). We have previously reported that adhesion to polystyrene overactivates MF monocytes. We now confirm their activation by increased CD25 expression and tyrosine phosphorylation. We hypothesize that ECM protein-adhesion molecule interactions induce overproduction of fibrogenic cytokines in MF monocytes leading to BM fibrosis. In this study we found that FN, collagen type 1 and HA induce 2-3-fold more TGF-β and 6-9-fold more interleukin (IL)-1 in MF monocytes than normal controls (NC). Since CD44 can function as the natural ligand for these proteins, its role was studied. We found that CD44 mediated most of the TGF-β and IL-1 produced. Immunoprecipitation of CD44 revealed three proteins at approximately 110 kD in MF monocytes and one in NC. Our results indicate that adhesion is important in overproduction of TGF-β and IL-1, and that their production is at least partly mediated by adhesion molecule-ECM protein interactions. These results implicate at least one adhesion molecule, CD44, in the pathophysiology of BM fibrosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22-29
Number of pages8
JournalBritish Journal of Haematology
Volume93
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hematology

Keywords

  • CD44
  • adhesion molecules
  • cytokines
  • monocytes
  • myelofibrosis

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