Implicit hopelessness and condom use frequency: Exploring nonconscious predictors of sexual risk behavior

Tara L. Broccoli, Diana T. Sanchez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Current models of affect and health posit that affective disturbance influences health through behavioral pathways. The current research explores this hypothesis in the domain of sexual risk behavior by testing explicit and implicit hopelessness as predictors of condom use. Male and female undergraduates (n = 60) completed implicit and explicit measures of depression, hopelessness, and self-reported condom use frequency. Findings revealed that implicit hopelessness predicted less condom use. However, this relationship was moderated by gender such that implicit hopelessness predicted less condom use for men, but not for women. The applicability of the findings to broader health theories is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)430-448
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology

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