Importance of role competencies for Chinese directors of nursing based on the forces of magnetism

Joan Gygax Spicer, Yanhong Guo, Huaping Liu, Jane Hirsch, Hong Zhao, Weiguang Ma, William Holzemer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Aim The aim of the present study was to survey directors of nursing (DONs) and chief operating officers (COOs) in the People's Republic of China on the importance of DON role competencies based on the Forces of Magnetism. Background The present study describes part of an international collaborative effort to support the attainment of the Chinese Ministry of Health's plan to strengthen and to increase the knowledge and skill levels of nurse administrators. Methods A random sample of 300 Chinese DONs and COOs was surveyed in the autumn of 2008.Results Compared with the COOs, the DONs were predominately female, had less graduate education and had more years of experience in their current role. Although the two groups perceived structural empowerment to be important, the DONs placed significantly greater importance on transformational leadership. Conclusion The Chinese DONs and COOs rated the role competencies based on the Forces of Magnetism to be important for DONs to be effective. Implications for nursing management The study's findings support the transferability of the Forces of Magnetism to nursing management in hospitals internationally.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)153-159
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nursing Management
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Leadership and Management


  • Chief operating officer
  • China
  • Director of nursing


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