β-Carotene (BC) serves as an important source of provitamin A and natural edible pigment, but the application is limited because of its instability and low oral-bioavailability. A tea polyphenols-β-carotene (TP-BC) oil-in-water (O/W) nanoemulsion was prepared with the core oil phase containing BC and the water phase containing TP. During storage at three different temperatures (4, 25 and 35 °C), the TP-BC nanoemulsion had a better stability and higher retention rate of BC than BC nanoemulsion. An in vitro simulated digestion assay indicated that the BC recovery rates of TP-BC nanoemulsion at digestion phases I and II were significantly increased compared to the BC nanoemulsion. An in vivo absorption study showed that TP-BC nanoemulsion had higher conversion efficiency on vitamin A compared to the BC nanoemulsion. These results suggested that tea polyphenols are effective ingredients for improving the oral-bioavailability of BC.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science
- Tea polyphenols