Improving multiplication strategic development in children with math difficulties

Dake Zhang, Yan Ping Xin, Karleah Harris, Yi Ding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


The purpose of the present study was to examine the effectiveness of a strategic training program for improving students' performance in solving multiplication problems. The participants were 3 third graders with math difficulties. In this teaching experiment, microgenetic analysis was used to analyze improvement in students' strategic development and problemsolving accuracy. The instructional components included selective task assignment and OFSD (encouraging students to use Own strategy to solve problems, providing Feedback, asking for students' Self-explanations, and explicit Demonstration of strategies when needed). The results showed that the three participants began the intervention at different strategic developmental levels and consequently were given differentiated tasks to promote their strategic development during the intervention. In response to the intervention, the three participants improved their problem-solving accuracy, use of advanced strategies, and flexibility in choosing backup strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-30
Number of pages16
JournalLearning Disability Quarterly
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Health Professions(all)
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


  • Math difficulties
  • Multiplication
  • Strategic training


Dive into the research topics of 'Improving multiplication strategic development in children with math difficulties'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this