In situ Raman characterization of nanoparticle aerosols during flame synthesis

X. Liu, M. E. Smith, S. D. Tse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Raman spectroscopy is applied to diagnose nanoparticle presence and characteristics in a gaseous flow field. Specifically, in situ monitoring of the Raman-active modes of TiO2 and Al2O3 nanoparticles in aerosol form is demonstrated in high-temperature flame environments. This technique serves as a sensitive and reliable way to characterize particle composition and crystallinity (e.g. anatase versus rutile) and delineate the phase conversion of nanoparticles as they evolve in the flow field. The effect of temperature on the solid-particle Raman spectra is investigated by seeding nanoparticles into a co-flow jet diffusion flame, where local gas-phase temperatures are correlated by shape-fitting the N2 vibrational Stokes Q-branch Raman spectra. Applying the technique to a flame synthesis environment, the results demonstrate that in situ Raman of as-formed nanoparticles can be readily applied to other gas-phase synthesis systems, especially as an on-line diagnostic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)643-653
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Physics B: Lasers and Optics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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