Incidence, prevalence and prescription patterns of antipsychotic medications use in Asia and US: A cross-nation comparison with common data model

Chien Chou Su, Edward Chia-Cheng Lai, Yea Huei Kao Yang, Kenneth K.C. Man, Kiyoshi Kubota, Paul Stang, Martijn Schuemie, Patrick Ryan, Chantelle Hardy, Yinghong Zhang, Shinya Kimura, Yukari Kamijima, Ian C.K. Wong, Soko Setoguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The use of antipsychotic medications (APMs) could be different among countries due to availability, approved indications, characteristics and clinical practice. However, there is limited literature providing comparisons of APMs use among countries. To examine trends in antipsychotic prescribing in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Japan, and the United States, we conducted a cross-national study from 2002 to 2014 b y using the distributed network approach with common data model. We included all patients who had at least a record of antipsychotic prescription in this study, and defined patients without previous exposure of antipsychotics for 6 months before the index date as new users for incidence estimation. We calculated the incidence, prevalence, and prescription rate of each medication by calendar year. Among older patients, sulpiride was the most incident [incidence rate (IR) 11.0–23.3) and prevalent [prevalence rate (PR) 11.9–14.3) APM in Taiwan, and most prevalent (PR 2.5–3.9) in Japan. Quetiapine and haloperidol were most common in the United States (IR 8.1–9.5; PR 18.0–18.4) and Hong Kong (PR 8.8–13.7; PR 10.6–12.7), respectively. The trend of quetiapine use was increasing in Taiwan, Hong Kong and the United States. As compared to older patients, the younger patients had more propensity to be prescribed second-generation APM for treatment in four countries. Trends in antipsychotic prescribing varied among countries. Quetiapine use was most prevalent in the United States and increasing in Taiwan and Hong Kong. The increasing use of quetiapine in the elderly patients might be due to its safety profile compared to other APMs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-84
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Psychiatric Research
Volume131
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

Keywords

  • Antipsychotic agents
  • Pharmacoepidemiology

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