Incidence trends and long-term survival analysis of sinonasal rhabdomyosarcoma

Saurin Sanghvi, Poonam Misra, Neal R. Patel, Evelyne Kalyoussef, Soly Baredes, Jean Anderson Eloy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Sinonasal rhabdomyosarcoma (SNRMS) is a rare malignancy which often presents with nasal obstruction, rhinorrhea and epistaxis. It is the most common sarcoma in children. In this study, we analyze the incidence and long-term survival for SNRMS using a national population-based database. Methods: The United States National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registry was utilized to calculate incidence and survival trends for SNRMS between 1973 and 2009. In addition, data were grouped by age, gender, race, and histopathological subtype. Results: A total of 181 cases of SNRMS were analyzed for incidence trends, showing a 1.23:1 female to male ratio. While the overall incidence of SNRMS increased by 1.02% annually over the last 20 years, this pattern was not equal amongst gender and racial groups. The incidence in males has increased, while in females incidence has decreased. An increase in incidence was noted in white and "others," but decreased in blacks. Using a total of 314 cases for survival analysis, we found that the rate in the white population has been consistently highest with a 5-year survival of 49.45%, 10- and 20-year survival of 48.81%. Survival rates in cases of embryonal SNRMS were also consistently higher than in cases of alveolar SNRMS. Conclusion: Overall incidence of SNRMS is increasing. Histologic subtype and race are important considerations in the long-term prognosis of SNRMS. Future studies will further elucidate gender and race related trends.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)682-689
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Medicine and Surgery
Volume34
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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