Over the past three decades, special and general education have undergone dramatic philosophical and structural changes. The mission of special and general education and the roles and responsibilities of school personnel have become increasingly blurred. The inclusion movement has captivated the interest of scholars, educators, politicians and the public alike. This paper reviews the major historical and current socio-political, legal, and professional forces that have led to the inclusion movement and national educational reform initiatives (e.g., Goals 2000, IASA, IDEA) in America, Psychologists assume significant leadership roles in the refinement and implementation of inclusion models and national reform initiatives. The expertise and contributions of psychologists to this movement are outlined. Critical issues and unanswered questions are presented to stimulate future research and debate.
|Title of host publication
|Inclusion Practices with Special Needs Students
|Subtitle of host publication
|Education, Training, and Application
|Taylor and Francis Inc.
|Number of pages
|Published - Jan 2 2014
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Social Sciences
- History of inclusion
- Inclusion movement
- Least restrictive environment
- Legal and political factors