Abnormal intracellular Ca2+ handling is an important factor in the progressive functional decline of dystrophic muscle. In the present study, we investigated the function of sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum (SR) Ca 2+ ATPase (SERCA) in various dystrophic muscles of mouse models of Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Our studies show that the protein expression of sarcolipin, a key regulator of the SERCA pump is abnormally high and correlates with decreased maximum velocity of SR Ca2+ uptake in the soleus, diaphragm and quadriceps of mild (mdx) and severe (mdx:utr-/-) dystrophic mice. These changes are more pronounced in the muscles of mdx:utr-/- mice. We also found increased expression of SERCA2a and calsequestrin specifically in the dystrophic quadriceps. Immunostaining analysis further showed that SERCA2a expression is associated both with fibers expressing slow-type myosin and regenerating fibers expressing embryonic myosin. Together, our data suggest that sarcolipin upregulation is a common secondary alteration in all dystrophic muscles and contributes to the abnormal elevation of intracellular Ca 2+ concentration via SERCA inhibition.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology
- Ca uptake
- Duchenne muscular dystrophy
- Skeletal muscle