Increased turnover of the messenger RNA encoding tyrosine aminotransferase can account for the desensitization and de-induction of tyrosine aminotransferase by 8-bromo-cyclic AMP treatment and removal.

J. D. Smith, A. Y. Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Treatment of H-4 rat hepatoma cells with 8-bromo-cyclic AMP (8-Br-cAMP) resulted in a transient induction of the gluconeogenic enzyme tyrosine aminotransferase. Synthesis of tyrosine aminotransferase and the level of its corresponding mRNA peaked 2 h after the addition of the cyclic nucleotide and declined thereafter. Tyrosine aminotransferase synthesis and mRNA failed to respond to the readdition of fresh 8-Br-cAMP, a process which we defined as desensitization. Removal of 8-Br-cAMP resulted in a decrease in tyrosine aminotransferase synthesis and mRNA, a process defined as de-induction. The relative transcription rate of the tyrosine aminotransferase gene and the turnover of its mRNA were determined by labeling intact cells with [3H]uridine. 8-Br-cAMP led to an increase in the rate of tyrosine aminotransferase transcription which was sustained for at least 4 h. The transcription rate declined upon de-induction. In addition, 8-Br-cAMP increased the turnover rate of tyrosine aminotransferase mRNA, but only after a 1.5-3 h time lag. This increased degradation rate persisted for at least 1.5 h after the removal of 8-Br-cAMP. These two contrasting and temporally distinct processes could account for the observed changes in tyrosine aminotransferase mRNA levels in response to 8-Br-cAMP treatment and removal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3711-3716
Number of pages6
JournalThe EMBO journal
Volume7
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1988

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

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