Induction of embryogenesis in cultured mature zygotic embryos of Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir

Todd G. Guevin, Edward G. Kirby

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36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Embryo suspensor masses were induced by culture of isolated mature zygotic embryos of Fraser fir (Abies fraseri [Pursh] Poir.). Maximum induction frequencies were observed after 10 weeks culture on one-half strength Murashige and Skoog medium containing 10 μM thidiazuron and on one-half strength Verhagen and Wann medium containing 10 μM cytokinin [6-(dimethylallylamino)purine, 6-benzyladenine, or thidiazuron). Proliferation of embryo suspensor masses occurred on one-half strength Verhagen and Wann medium supplemented with 10 μM cytokinin. When embryo suspensor masses were transferred to media containing 5-80μM abscisic acid, cotyledonary-stage embryos were formed. Somatic embryos germinated on medium lacking plant growth regulators, but abnormal cotyledonary-stage somatic embryos with stunted cotyledons and reduced embryo axes were also observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)219-222
Number of pages4
JournalPlant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture
Volume49
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Horticulture

Keywords

  • Christmas trees
  • Conifers
  • Cytokinins
  • Somatic embryogenesis
  • Thidiazuron

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