We investigated the effects of increasing temperature and emulsifier volume fraction (ΦI) on the distribution of catechin (CAT) in stripped corn oil-in-water emulsions. We also estimated relevant thermodynamic parameters for the transfer of CAT from the aqueous to the interfacial region because CAT is sparingly soluble in corn oil and mainly distributes between the aqueous and interfacial regions of emulsions. The distribution of CAT was assessed in the intact emulsions by employing a well-established kinetic method based on the reaction between a hydrophobic arenediazonium ion and CAT. Results are interpreted on the basis of the pseudophase kinetic model, which provides estimates of the second order interfacial rate constant, kI, and the partition constant PWI between the aqueous and interfacial region of the emulsion from kobs versus ΦI profiles. The PWI values are quite high, increasing from 188 (T = 15 °C) to 368 (T = 25 °C). This change in PWI reflects the dependence of the percentage of CAT in the interfacial region, %CATI, on temperature. At T = 15 °C and ΦI = 0.005, %CATI ≈ 60. This percentage increases upon increasing ΦI to %CATI ≈ 88 at ΦI = 0.04. An increase in T from 15 to 25 °C promotes incorporation of CAT into the interfacial region so that at ΦI = 0.005, %CATI increases from ~60 to ~85. The thermodynamic parameters for the transfer from the aqueous to the interfacial region (ΔG0,W → I, (ΔH0,W → I and (ΔS0,W → I) were obtained from the PWI values at a series of temperatures by the van’t Hoff method and the Gibbs equation, respectively. ΔG0,W → I is negative at any temperature, indicating that the transfer of CAT from the aqueous to the interfacial region is an spontaneous process.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Food Science
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Antioxidant distribution
- Oil-in-water emulsions
- Pseudophase model