Gray leaf spot disease, caused by Pyricularia oryzae Cavara, is an important disease in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) turf. Host resistance is an ideal and promising approach to disease control. In this study, two diallel crosses involving six parents and eight parents, respectively, of perennial ryegrass were established to investigate the inheritance of gray leaf spot resistance. Parents and progenies were evaluated for gray leaf spot resistance in growth chamber experiments where they were inoculated with a mixture of five pathogen isolates. A field experiment was conducted on the progenies of one diallel cross. Effects of both general combining ability (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) were significant in both growth chamber and field tests. However, the GCA variance accounted for the major portion of the total genotypic variance. Narrow-sense heritability calculated by midparent-offspring regression ranged from 0.57 to 0.76, indicating additive gene effects were the major genetic component in control of gray leaf spot. Estimates of minimum number of genes ranged from 2.1 to 4.4, suggesting resistance to gray leaf spot was controlled by a small number of genes. All the results suggested that a breeding program basing on recurrent selection should be effective to improve the resistance to gray leaf spot in perennial ryegrass.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agronomy and Crop Science