Among black tea polyphenols, theaflavins were generally considered to be the most effective in cancer chemoprevention. In this study, we examined the inhibitory effects of black tea polyphenols, including theaflavin (TF-1), a mixture (TF-2) of theaflavin-3-gallate and theaflavin-3′-gallate, theaflavin-3,3′-digallate (TF-3), and the green tea polyphenol (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced edema and ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity. Topical application of these polyphenols onto the mouse resulted in inhibition of TPA-induced ear edema and skin epidermal ODC activity. The inhibitory order was as follows: TF-3 > TF-2≅EGCG > TF-1. Western and Northern blots indicated that TF-3 significantly reduced the protein and mRNA levels of ODC in TPA-treated mouse skin and NIH 3T3 cells, whereas EGCG showed less activity. EGCG and TF-3 were able to inhibit the ODC enzyme activity in vitro. Furthermore, TF-3 also significantly reduced the basal promoter activity of the ODC gene in NIH 3T3 cells that were transiently transfected with ODC reporter plasmid. These results suggested that TF-3 was a potential inhibitor of ODC activity and TPA-induced edema and might be effective in cancer chemoprevention.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Nutrition and Dietetics
- Cancer Research