The effect of p.o. administration of tea on nitrosamine-induced carcinogenesis was investigated. Female A/J mice were given /V-nitrosodi-ethylamine (NDEA) (10 mg/kg) p.o. once a week for 8 weeks and were killed 16 weeks after the last dose. More than 90% of the mice had forestomach and lung tumors. The animals had an average of 83 forestomach and 2.5 lung tumors/mouse. With 0.63 or 1.25% green tea infusion (12.5 g green tea leaves brewed with 1 liter of boiling water) as the sole source of drinking water for the entire experimental period, the pulmonary tumor incidence was decreased by 18 or 44%, and the tumor multiplicity was reduced by 36 or 60%, respectively. The treatments also decreased the forestomach tumor incidence by 18 or 26% and tumor multiplicity by 59 or 63%, respectively. Administration of 0.63 or 1.25% green tea infusion, either during the NDEA treatment period only or starting 1 week after the completion of NDEA treatment, also decreased the pulmonary tumor incidence and multiplicity and the forestomach tumor multiplicity. The inhibitory effects of green tea infusion were also observed in a similar experiment using a higher dosage of NDEA (20 mg/kg). Treatment of female A/J mice with a single dose (103 mg/kg) of 4-(methylnitrosamino)-l-(3-pyridyl)-l-butanone (NNK) resulted in the formation of pulmonary adenomas in almost all of the animals with an average of 93 tumors/mouse after 16 weeks. When 0.6% decaffeinated green tea or black tea extract was given during the NNK-treatment period, tumor multiplicity was reduced by 67 or 65%, respectively. When the tea extract was given after the NNK-treatment period until the end of the experiment, 0.6% green tea extract decreased the tumor incidence and multiplicity by 30 and 85%, respectively. In this protocol, 0.6% black tea extract reduced tumor multiplicity by about 63% but did not significantly affect the tumor incidence. The results clearly demonstrated an inhibitory action of green tea and black tea on nitrosamine-induced tumorigenesis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Apr 1992|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research