Inhibition of gastric mucosal mucin receptor by Helicobacter pylori lipopolysaccharide: Effect of sulglycotide

J. Piotrowski, J. Majka, V. L.N. Murty, A. Czajkowski, A. Slomiany, B. L. Slomiany

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

1. A receptor for mucin was isolated from the solubilized gastric epithelial cell membrane by affinity chromatography on Sepharose-bound wheat germ agglutinin. 2. The receptor protein displayed a molecular weight of 97 kDa and exhibited specific affinity towards mucin-coated surfaces. The optimum for mucin binding occurred at 60-100 μg/ml, while the values for the receptor were 2.0-3.1 μg/ml. 3. The mucin binding to the receptor was susceptible to Helicobacter pylori lipopolysaccharide which caused maximum inhibition of 91% at 30 μ/ml. This inhibitory effect of the lipopolysaccaride was abolished by a gastroprotective agent, sulglycotide. 4. The effect of sulglycotide was dose dependent and at 50 μg/ml produced a 94% restoration in receptor-mucin binding. Furthermore, sulglycotide was also capable of enhancing (97%) the mucin binding to its receptor in the absence of the lipopolysaccharide. 5. The results demonstrate that H. pylori through its lipopolysaccharide interferes in the interaction of mucin with gastric epithelial surfaces and that a gastroprotective agent, sulglycotide, counteracts this effect, and hence is capable of preventing the loss of mucin coat continuity occurring with H. pylori infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)969-976
Number of pages8
JournalGeneral Pharmacology
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology

Keywords

  • H. pylori
  • Mucin receptor
  • sulglycotide

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