Mounting evidence suggests that microRNA (miR) dysregulation contributes to neurodegenerative disorders including Parkinson's disease (PD). MiR-34b and miR-34c have been previously shown to be down-regulated in the brains of patients with PD. Here, we demonstrate that miR-34b and miR-34c repress the expression of α-synuclein (α-syn), a key protein in PD pathogenesis. Inhibition of miR-34b and miR-34c expression in human dopaminergic SH-SY5Y cells increased α-syn levels and stimulated aggregate formation. Additionally, a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the 3′-UTR of α-syn was found to lower the miR-34b-mediated repression of the protein. Our results suggest that down-regulation of miR-34b and miR-34c in the brain, as well as an SNP in the 3′-UTR of α-syn can increase α-syn expression, possibly contributing to PD pathogenesis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Structural Biology
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology
- Parkinson' disease