Inhibition of pig granulosa cell adhesion and growth in vitro by immunoneutralization of epithelial cadherin

K. M. Kirkup, A. M. Mallin, C. A. Bagnell

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8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Epithelial cadherin (E-cadherin) is a member of the cadherin family of calcium-dependent cell adhesion molecules and is present in the ovary. Although expression of E-cadherin is high in healthy pig granulosa cells and low in granulosa cells of atretic follicles, the importance of E-cadherin-mediated adhesion in granulosa cell function is unclear. The aim of the present study was to determine the impact of immunoneutralization of E-cadherin on granulosa cell adhesion, DNA synthesis and cell proliferation in vitro. Before attachment, pig granulosa cells were exposed to a monoclonal E-cadherin antibody (DECMA-1) which blocks E-cadherin function. Controls included substitution of the antibody with either mouse ascites fluid or another E-cadherin antibody directed against the cytoplasmic domain and which was therefore inaccessible in intact cells. Both granulosa cell proliferation and insulin-like growth factor I-induced DNA synthesis were inhibited significantly in the presence of DECMA-1 compared with controls (P<0.05). Control granulosa cells in culture formed large clusters with many cells packed tightly together. However, after 48 h exposure to the function-perturbing E-cadherin antibody, there was a significant decrease in the size of the granulosa cell clusters (P<0.05) and the degree of cell-cell contract was reduced compared with control cultures. No effects on DNA synthesis, cell proliferation or cell adhesion were observed when DECMA-1 was substituted with either mouse ascites fluid or the antibody specific for the cytoplasmic domain of E-cadherin. In conclusion, these data provided evidence to support the hypothesis that E-cadherin is important for maintaining granulosa cell contact, DNA synthesis and cell proliferation in vitro. These results indicate that E-cadherin plays a fundamental role in maintaining both the structure and function of ovarian follicles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)275-281
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Reproduction and Fertility
Volume120
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Embryology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Developmental Biology

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