We showed previously that thiol-containing compounds inhibited the production of macrophage-mediated angiogenic activity. Since thiol-containing compounds may act on macrophages by affecting activation and inhibiting the production of oxygen free-radicals, we studied the effects of oxygen free-radical scavengers on production of angiogenic activity by elicited mouse peritoneal macrophages and lipopolysaccharide stimulated normal human monocytes. Monocyte/macrophage conditioned media were potently angiogenic when assayed in rat corneas, while conditioned media from oxygen free-radical scavenger-treated cells were not. The inhibitory effect of oxygen free-radical scavengers was due to a direct effect on monocyte/macrophage production of angiogenic activity but was not due solely to a decrease in the production of the macrophage-derived angiogenic cytokine tumor necrosis factor-α. We conclude that oxygen free-radical scavengers are potent inhibitors of the production of macrophage-mediated angiogenic activity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology