Inorganic, Mineral-based Polymers with Ionic Crosslinks

Masanori Hara (Inventor)

Research output: Innovation

Abstract

Inorganic ionomers show characteristic behavior of polymers, including fiber formation (left) and flow (center). However, they have high thermal stability: like silicate glass (top right), inorganic ionomers (bottom right) they do not burn or produce fumes when exposed to flame.


Invention Summary:

Traditional, carbon-based, organic polymers have many applications, but they rely on petroleum, a limited resource. Additionally, carbon-based polymers have low thermal stability and often release harmful chemicals when they break down.

Researchers at Rutgers have developed polymers with inorganic backbones (Si-O and P-O) and ionic crosslinks (inorganic ionomers) that can be produced from minerals that are abundant in the earth’s crust. The strong bonds of the inorganic backbone lead to high chemical and thermal stability, reducing the number of toxic byproducts. The ionic crosslinks are reversible, contributing to self-healing properties of the polymers. Furthermore, the number of ionic crosslinks and the type of ion can be controlled to carefully tune the mechanical properties of the polymer.

Since these inorganic ionomers may vary from soft rubbery materials to hard resins, they have a wide range of applications.

Market Applications:

  • Biocompatible food packaging
  • Flexible displays
  • Fuel cell membranes
  • Adhesives
  • Catalysts
  • Composites
  • Automotive


Advantages:

  • Readily available raw materials
  • Nontoxic
  • Nonflammable
  • Recyclable
  • Biocompatible
  • Thermally stable (inorganic backbone)
  • Chemically stable (inorganic backbone)
  • Stiffer and stronger (ionic crosslinks)
  • Tunable properties (ionic crosslinks)
  • Self-healing (reformation of ionic crosslinks)


Intellectual Property & Development Status:

Issued Patent. Available for licensing and/or research collaboration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - Aug 2018

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Ionomers
Minerals
Polymers
Thermodynamic stability
Carbon
Flexible displays
Silicates
Fumes
Organic polymers
Poisons
Intellectual property
Chemical stability
Petroleum
Patents and inventions
Cell membranes
Byproducts
Fuel cells
Adhesives
Packaging
Raw materials

Keywords

  • Inorganic
  • Plastics
  • Polymers

Cite this

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abstract = "Inorganic ionomers show characteristic behavior of polymers, including fiber formation (left) and flow (center). However, they have high thermal stability: like silicate glass (top right), inorganic ionomers (bottom right) they do not burn or produce fumes when exposed to flame. Invention Summary: Traditional, carbon-based, organic polymers have many applications, but they rely on petroleum, a limited resource. Additionally, carbon-based polymers have low thermal stability and often release harmful chemicals when they break down. Researchers at Rutgers have developed polymers with inorganic backbones (Si-O and P-O) and ionic crosslinks (inorganic ionomers) that can be produced from minerals that are abundant in the earth’s crust. The strong bonds of the inorganic backbone lead to high chemical and thermal stability, reducing the number of toxic byproducts. The ionic crosslinks are reversible, contributing to self-healing properties of the polymers. Furthermore, the number of ionic crosslinks and the type of ion can be controlled to carefully tune the mechanical properties of the polymer. Since these inorganic ionomers may vary from soft rubbery materials to hard resins, they have a wide range of applications. Market Applications: Biocompatible food packaging Flexible displays Fuel cell membranes Adhesives Catalysts Composites Automotive Advantages: Readily available raw materials Nontoxic Nonflammable Recyclable Biocompatible Thermally stable (inorganic backbone) Chemically stable (inorganic backbone) Stiffer and stronger (ionic crosslinks) Tunable properties (ionic crosslinks) Self-healing (reformation of ionic crosslinks) Intellectual Property & Development Status: Issued Patent. Available for licensing and/or research collaboration.",
keywords = "Inorganic, Plastics, Polymers",
author = "Masanori Hara",
year = "2018",
month = "8",
language = "English (US)",
type = "Patent",

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TY - PAT

T1 - Inorganic, Mineral-based Polymers with Ionic Crosslinks

AU - Hara, Masanori

PY - 2018/8

Y1 - 2018/8

N2 - Inorganic ionomers show characteristic behavior of polymers, including fiber formation (left) and flow (center). However, they have high thermal stability: like silicate glass (top right), inorganic ionomers (bottom right) they do not burn or produce fumes when exposed to flame. Invention Summary: Traditional, carbon-based, organic polymers have many applications, but they rely on petroleum, a limited resource. Additionally, carbon-based polymers have low thermal stability and often release harmful chemicals when they break down. Researchers at Rutgers have developed polymers with inorganic backbones (Si-O and P-O) and ionic crosslinks (inorganic ionomers) that can be produced from minerals that are abundant in the earth’s crust. The strong bonds of the inorganic backbone lead to high chemical and thermal stability, reducing the number of toxic byproducts. The ionic crosslinks are reversible, contributing to self-healing properties of the polymers. Furthermore, the number of ionic crosslinks and the type of ion can be controlled to carefully tune the mechanical properties of the polymer. Since these inorganic ionomers may vary from soft rubbery materials to hard resins, they have a wide range of applications. Market Applications: Biocompatible food packaging Flexible displays Fuel cell membranes Adhesives Catalysts Composites Automotive Advantages: Readily available raw materials Nontoxic Nonflammable Recyclable Biocompatible Thermally stable (inorganic backbone) Chemically stable (inorganic backbone) Stiffer and stronger (ionic crosslinks) Tunable properties (ionic crosslinks) Self-healing (reformation of ionic crosslinks) Intellectual Property & Development Status: Issued Patent. Available for licensing and/or research collaboration.

AB - Inorganic ionomers show characteristic behavior of polymers, including fiber formation (left) and flow (center). However, they have high thermal stability: like silicate glass (top right), inorganic ionomers (bottom right) they do not burn or produce fumes when exposed to flame. Invention Summary: Traditional, carbon-based, organic polymers have many applications, but they rely on petroleum, a limited resource. Additionally, carbon-based polymers have low thermal stability and often release harmful chemicals when they break down. Researchers at Rutgers have developed polymers with inorganic backbones (Si-O and P-O) and ionic crosslinks (inorganic ionomers) that can be produced from minerals that are abundant in the earth’s crust. The strong bonds of the inorganic backbone lead to high chemical and thermal stability, reducing the number of toxic byproducts. The ionic crosslinks are reversible, contributing to self-healing properties of the polymers. Furthermore, the number of ionic crosslinks and the type of ion can be controlled to carefully tune the mechanical properties of the polymer. Since these inorganic ionomers may vary from soft rubbery materials to hard resins, they have a wide range of applications. Market Applications: Biocompatible food packaging Flexible displays Fuel cell membranes Adhesives Catalysts Composites Automotive Advantages: Readily available raw materials Nontoxic Nonflammable Recyclable Biocompatible Thermally stable (inorganic backbone) Chemically stable (inorganic backbone) Stiffer and stronger (ionic crosslinks) Tunable properties (ionic crosslinks) Self-healing (reformation of ionic crosslinks) Intellectual Property & Development Status: Issued Patent. Available for licensing and/or research collaboration.

KW - Inorganic

KW - Plastics

KW - Polymers

UR - http://rutgers.technologypublisher.com/tech?title=Inorganic%2c_Mineral-based_Polymers_with_Ionic_Crosslinks

M3 - Innovation

ER -