Insufficient sleep and obesity

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The high prevalence of obesity and its associated diseases have prompted calls for the evaluation of innovative approaches to decrease obesity risk and promote healthy weight management. Emerging evidence suggests that sleep plays an important role in energy balance and metabolism. Habitual short sleep associates with an increased risk for obesity in children, adolescents and adults. Experimental studies demonstrate that sleep restriction leads to weight gain, increased daily caloric intake, greater consumption of unhealthy food and drink, and delayed meal timing as well as alterations in appetite-regulating hormones and brain activity that promote positive energy balance and weight gain over time. Addressing sleep issues with individuals who are at risk for uncontrolled weight gain improves daytime functioning and may increase the likelihood of weight-loss success. Pilot studies examining the use of sleep extension as a behavioral approach for healthy weight management have shown promising results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSleep and Health
PublisherElsevier
Pages189-201
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9780128153734
ISBN (Print)9780128153741
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Keywords

  • Caloric intake
  • Energy balance
  • Macronutrient intake
  • Meal timing
  • Sleep duration
  • Sleep timing
  • Weight management

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