Integrated modeling framework to quantify the coastal protection services supplied by vegetation

Greg Guannel, Peter Ruggiero, Joe Faries, Katie Arkema, Malin Pinsky, Guy Gelfenbaum, Anne Guerry, Choong Ki Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Vegetation can protect communities by reducing nearshore wave height and altering sediment transport processes. However, quantitative approaches for evaluating the coastal protection services, or benefits, supplied by vegetation to people in a wide range of coastal environments are lacking. To begin to fill this knowledge gap, we propose an integrated modeling approach for quantifying how vegetation modifies nearshore processes-including the attenuation of wave height, mean and total water level-and reduces shoreline erosion during storms. We apply the model to idealized seagrass-sand and mangrove-mud cases, and illustrate its potential by quantifying how those habitats reduce water levels and sediment loss beyond what would be observed in the absence of vegetation. The integrated modeling approach provides an efficient way to quantify the coastal protection services supplied by vegetation and highlights specific research needs for improved representations of the ways in which vegetation modifies wave-induced processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)324-345
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Oceans
Volume120
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Fingerprint

coastal protection
vegetation
modeling
wave height
Water levels
surface water level
water level
sediment transport
shorelines
habitats
mud
Sediment transport
seagrass
transport process
mangrove
water
sands
erosion
coastal zone
services

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

Keywords

  • coastal erosion
  • coastal vegetation
  • mud bed scour
  • wave setup and runup

Cite this

Guannel, Greg ; Ruggiero, Peter ; Faries, Joe ; Arkema, Katie ; Pinsky, Malin ; Gelfenbaum, Guy ; Guerry, Anne ; Kim, Choong Ki. / Integrated modeling framework to quantify the coastal protection services supplied by vegetation. In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans. 2015 ; Vol. 120, No. 1. pp. 324-345.
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Guannel, G, Ruggiero, P, Faries, J, Arkema, K, Pinsky, M, Gelfenbaum, G, Guerry, A & Kim, CK 2015, 'Integrated modeling framework to quantify the coastal protection services supplied by vegetation', Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, vol. 120, no. 1, pp. 324-345. https://doi.org/10.1002/2014JC009821

Integrated modeling framework to quantify the coastal protection services supplied by vegetation. / Guannel, Greg; Ruggiero, Peter; Faries, Joe; Arkema, Katie; Pinsky, Malin; Gelfenbaum, Guy; Guerry, Anne; Kim, Choong Ki.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, Vol. 120, No. 1, 01.01.2015, p. 324-345.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Ruggiero, Peter

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AU - Kim, Choong Ki

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