Intergroup contact with independent manipulations on in-group and out-group interaction

David A. Wilder, John E. Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


Tested the hypotheses that (a) Repeated contact with an out-group under favorable conditions would be more effective in decreasing intergroup bias than a single contact session; (b) Independent of out-group contact, increasing in-group contact would accentuate intergroup bias; (c) beneficial effects of contact with a subset of an out-group would generalize to the larger category from which the experimental out-group was drawn. 160 female undergraduates were divided into 2 groups based on their college affiliation. They then interacted for either 1 or 2 sessions with their in-group and with the out-group. Results support the 2 contact hypotheses. Intergroup bias decreased as out-group contact increased and in-group contact decreased, but there was little evidence that changes in evaluation of the experimental in-group and out-group generalized to the larger college populations. (41 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)589-603
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of personality and social psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1980

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science


  • decrease of contact with in-group, intergroup bias, college students
  • increase of contact with out-group &
  • subset of out-group &

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