Internally and externally caused climate change

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69 Scopus citations


A numerical climate model is used to simulate climate change forced only by random fluctuations of the atmospheric heat transport. This short-term natural variability of the atmosphere is shown to be a possible "cause" not only of the variability of the annual world average temperature about its mean, but also long-term excursions from the mean. Various external causes of climate change are also tested with the model and the results compared with observations for the past 100 years. Volcanic dust is shown to have been an important cause of climate change, while the effects of sunspot-related solar constant variation and anthropogenic forcing are not evident.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1111-1122
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1978
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atmospheric Science


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