A novel cancer targeted, internally cationic and surface neutral polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimer, was designed, synthesized, and evaluated as a nanocarrier for the targeted intracellular delivery of siRNA. The dendrimer contained a synthetic analog of Luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone as cancer targeting moiety. The proposed delivery system possesses the following advantages: (1) internal cationic charges for complexation with siRNA and enhanced siRNA protection; (2) low cytotoxicity; (3) lesser degree of quaternization offering free tertiary amines for potential proton sponge effect; and (4) targeting specifically to cancer cells for enhancing siRNA uptake and efficiency and potential limitation of adverse side effects of chemotherapy on healthy organs. Both nontargeted and targeted dendrimer-siRNA complexes formed compact nanometer size spherical particles, exhibited very low cytotoxicity even at the higher concentration, and efficiently penetrated cancer cells in vitro. However, only the targeted dendrimer-siRNA complex was able to substantially decrease the expression of a targeted BCL2 gene.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry