Integrated pest management (IPM) programs for the spotted-wing drosophila Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) rely on insecticide applications to reduce adult populations and prevent fruit infestation. Although monitoring traps are used for early D. suzukii adult detection to time the start of insecticide applications, it remains unclear whether trap counts can be used to determine the efficacy of these programs and predict the risk of fruit infestation. To address this, a 2-yr study (2016-2017) was conducted in highbush blueberries in New Jersey (USA) to interpret D. suzukii trap count variation in relation to the frequency of insecticide applications and proximity to forest habitats. We also correlated trap counts with fruit infestation and used traps to determine the maximum dispersive distance traveled by D. suzukii adults within blueberry fields by using mark-release-capture studies. Using a trapping network across nine farms, we demonstrated that insecticide applications reduce D. suzukii trap counts, but this varied according to seasonality, and that traps placed closer to forest habitats within farms had higher fly counts than those placed in farm interiors. Moreover, blueberry fields that had zero fruit infestation also had predictably lower trap counts than fields with infested fruit, and the maximum dispersive distance for D. suzukii within blueberry fields was 90 m. In summary, while D. suzukii trap counts in blueberry farms could predict the frequency of insecticide applications and fruit infestation, the predictive power of our trap data was too variable across the blueberry harvest period to make it a reliable tool.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Insect Science
- fruit infestation
- insecticide use
- maximum dispersal