Interrelationship between signal transduction pathways and 1,25(OH)2D3 in UMR106 osteoblastic cells

Wen Yang, Sven Johan Hyllner, Sylvia Christakos

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In this study, the interrelationship between signal transduction pathways and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3] action was examined in UMR106 osteoblastic cells. Treatment of these cells with 8-bromo-cAMP (1 mM) resulted in an upregulation of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) and an augmentation in the induction by 1,25(OH)2D3 of 25(OH)D3 24-hydroxylase [24(OH)ase] and osteopontin (OPN) mRNAs as well as gene transcription. Transfection with constructs containing the vitamin D response element devoid of other promoter regulatory elements did not alter the cAMP-mediated potentiation, suggesting that cAMP-enhanced transcription is due, at least in part, to upregulation of VDR. Treatment with phorbol ester [12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA) 100 nM], an activator of protein kinase C, significantly enhanced 1,25(OH)2D3-induced OPN mRNA and transcription but had no effect on VDR or on 24(OH)ase mRNA or transcription. Studies using OPN promoter constructs indicate that TPA-enhanced OPN transcription is mediated by an effect on the OPN promoter separate from an effect on VDR. Thus interactions with signal transduction pathways can enhance 1,25(OH)2D3 induction of 24(OH)ase and OPN gene expression, and, through different mechanisms, changes in cellular phosphorylation may play a significant role in determining the effectiveness of 1,25(OH)2D3 on transcriptional control in cells expressing skeletal phenotypic properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E162-E170
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number1 44-1
StatePublished - 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)


  • 25-Hydroxyvitamin D 24-hydroxylase
  • Osteopontin
  • Protein kinase A
  • Protein kinase C
  • Vitamin D receptor


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