Intestinal absorption of fructose

Ronaldo P. Ferraris, Jun Yong Choe, Chirag R. Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Increased understanding of fructose metabolism, which begins with uptake via the intestine, is important because fructose now constitutes a physiologically significant portion of human diets and is associated with increased incidence of certain cancers and metabolic diseases. New insights in our knowledge of intestinal fructose absorption mediated by the facilitative glucose transporter GLUT5 in the apical membrane and by GLUT2 in the basolateral membrane are reviewed. We begin with studies related to structure as well as ligand binding, then revisit the controversial proposition that apical GLUT2 is the main mediator of intestinal fructose absorption. The review then describes how dietary fructose may be sensed by intestinal cells to affect the expression and activity of transporters and fructolytic enzymes, to interact with the transport of certain minerals and electrolytes, and to regulate portal and peripheral fructosemia and glycemia. Finally, it discusses the potential contributions of dietary fructose to gastrointestinal diseases and to the gut microbiome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-67
Number of pages27
JournalAnnual Review of Nutrition
Volume38
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 21 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Keywords

  • GLUT
  • carbohydrates
  • ligand recognition
  • metabolism
  • nutrition
  • sugars

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