Intrathecal transplantation of autologous adherent bone marrow cells induces functional neurological recovery in a canine model of spinal cord injury

Hala Gabr, Wael Abo El-Kheir, Haithem A.M.A. Farghali, Zeinab M.K. Ismail, Maha B. Zickri, Zeinab M. El Maadawi, Nirmeen A. Kishk, Hatem E. Sabaawy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in demyelination of surviving axons, loss of oligodendrocytes, and impairment of motor and sensory functions. We have developed a clinical strategy of cell therapy for SCI through the use of autologous bone marrow cells for transplantation to augment remyelination and enhance neurological repair. In a preclinical large mammalian model of SCI, experimental dogs were subjected to a clipping contusion of the spinal cord. Two weeks after the injury, GFP-labeled autologous minimally manipulated adherent bone marrow cells (ABMCs) were transplanted intrathecally to investigate the safety and efficacy of autologous ABMC therapy. The effects of ABMC transplantation in dogs with SCI were determined using functional neurological scoring, and the integration of ABMCs into the injured cords was determined using histopathological and immunohistochemical investigations and electron microscopic analyses of sections from control and transplanted spinal cords. Our data demonstrate the presence of GFP-labeled cells in the injured spinal cord for up to 16 weeks after transplantation in the subacute SCI stage. GFP-labeled cells homed to the site of injury and were detected around white matter tracts and surviving axons. ABMC therapy in the canine SCI model enhanced remyelination and augmented neural regeneration, resulting in improved neurological functions. Therefore, autologous ABMC therapy appears to be a safe and promising therapy for spinal cord injuries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1813-1827
Number of pages15
JournalCell Transplantation
Volume24
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 14 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Keywords

  • Autologous adherent bone marrow-derived cell therapy
  • Canine
  • Intrathecal
  • Remyelination
  • Spinal cord injury (SCI)

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