Inverse Grating Problem: Efficient Design of Anomalous Flexural Wave Reflectors and Refractors

Pawel Packo, Andrew N. Norris, Daniel Torrent

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


We present an extensive formulation of the inverse grating problem for flexural waves in which the energy of each diffracted mode is selected and the grating configuration is then obtained by our solving a linear system of equations. The grating is designed as a lineal periodic repetition of a unit cell comprising a cluster of resonators attached at points whose physical properties are directly derived by inversion of a given matrix. Although both active and passive attachments can be required in the most-general case, it is possible to find configurations with only passive (i.e., damped) solutions. This inverse design approach is an alternative to the design of metasurfaces for flexural waves, overcoming the limitations of gradient phase metasurfaces, which require a continuous variation of the surface's impedance. When the grating is designed in such a way that all the energy is channeled into a single diffracted mode, it behaves as an anomalous refractor or reflector. The negative refractor is analyzed in depth, and it is shown that with only three scatterers per unit cell is it possible to build such a device with unitary efficiency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number014023
JournalPhysical Review Applied
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 11 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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