Investigation of impinging-jet crystallization with a calcium oxalate model system

Jean M. Hacherl, Edward L. Paul, Helen Buettner

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44 Scopus citations


An impinging-jet crystallizer was investigated in this work to assess its operational sensitivity and reproducibility for the production of small, monodisperse crystals using calcium oxalate, a model system capable of forming multiple hydrates. The impinging-jet mixer provides rapid mixing of the reactant solutions through the impingement of two narrow reactant streams at high velocity. Impinging jet linear velocity and postjetting conditions were studied, with the jet operated in nonsubmerged mode. Hydrate form and crystal-size distribution (CSD) were determined using optical microscopy and image analysis techniques. The impinging jet consistently produced small, monodisperse crystals. However, at a high level of supersaturation, slight variations in the CSD were observed for apparently identical conditions, suggesting a degree of sensitivity in the system that could lead to difficulty in its application. An apparent trend between impinging-jet linear velocity and crystal size and number was observed, with more small crystals produced at higher linear velocity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2352-2362
Number of pages11
JournalAIChE Journal
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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