Investigations on mechanics-based process planning of micro-end milling in machining mold cavities

T. Özel, X. Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


In this article, a model-based micro-end milling process planning for machining micromold cavities is proposed. The goal is to facilitate proper selections of the process parameters for a given workpiece material, cavity geometry, and micro-end mill. Specifically, the axial depth of cut and the feed per tooth are critical in achieving performance objectives in terms of low cutting forces and high surface accuracy and material removal rate. An analytical model based on process mechanics is used to select feed per tooth range in micromilling to avoid size effects. Further, a time-domain simulation model is utilized to provide predictive capability in practical micromachining performance, such as cutting forces, surface form, and surface roughness. The generalized process planning strategy consists of two steps: roughing and finishing. In roughing, the objective is to control the cutting force within a predefined threshold to prevent premature tool breakage and to maximize the material removal rate. In finishing, the primary objective is to control the form error within the tolerance and to obtain satisfactory surface roughness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1274-1281
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials and Manufacturing Processes
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


  • Analytical modeling
  • Micro-end milling
  • Process planning
  • Size-effect


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