Invisibility syndrome: A clinical model of the effects of racism on African-American males

Anderson J. Franklin, Nancy Boyd-Franklin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

129 Scopus citations

Abstract

Adaptive behavior and psychological well-being of African Americans can be affected by prejudice and discrimination. Encountering repeated racial slights can create 'psychological invisibility.' The invisibility syndrome is presented as a conceptual model for understanding the inner evaluative processes and adaptive behavior of African Americans in managing experiences of racism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-41
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthopsychiatry
Volume70
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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