Novel ionic naphthalene thermotropic polymers (NTPs) based on wholly aromatic copolyesters were synthesized, in which ionic monomer was introduced in the form of para-linked metal hydroquinone disulfonate (HQDS). These ionic NTPs contained ionic groups of up to 4 mol%, with counterions of either monovalent K or divalent Ca, and exhibited thermotropic liquid crystallinity. The K-salts exhibited the crystalline and liquid crystalline behaviors, typically observed for a non-ionic NTP; and they developed excellent thermal and mechanical properties. Testing was made as a function of ionic content under similar processing and testing conditions. The value of glass transition temperature rose as the average molecular weight increased. Both the melting temperature, Tm, and the crystallization temperature, Tc, remained nearly constant over the composition range studied. All the K-salt ionic NTPs showed enhanced tensile properties over a non-ionic NTP. The strength increased significantly as the ionic content increased despite the decrease in the molecular weight, reflecting the dominant effect of ionic interactions over the effect of molecular weight. Enhanced tensile properties arise from enhanced interchain interactions via ionic bonds (cross-links) between highly aligned NTP chains. The incorporation of HQDS-type 'straight' ionic units into a NTP copolyester can provide useful information about the effect of ionic interactions on the thermal/mechanical properties of NTPs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry
- Ionic polymers
- Mechanical and thermal properties
- Thermotropic liquid crystalline polymers