IRIP, a new ischemia/reperfusion-inducible protein that participates in the regulation of transporter activity

Wei Jiang, Olga Prokopenko, Lawrence Wong, Masayori Inouye, Oleg Mirochnitchenko

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32 Scopus citations


We report the identification and characterization of a new ischemia/reperfusion-inducible protein (IRIP), which belongs to the SUA5/YrdC/YciO protein family. IRIP cDNA was isolated in a differential display analysis of an ischemia/reperfusion-treated kidney RNA sample. Mouse IRIP mRNA was expressed in all tissues tested, the highest level being in the testis, secretory, and endocrine organs. Besides ischemia/reperfusion, endotoxemia also activated the expression of IRIP in the liver, lung, and spleen. The transporter regulator RS1 was identified as an IRIP-interacting protein in yeast two-hybrid screening. The interaction between IRIP and RS1 was further confirmed in coimmunoprecipitation assays. A possible role of TRIP in regulating transporter activity was subsequently investigated. IRIP overexpression inhibited endogenous 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) uptake activity in HeLa cells. The activities of exogenous organic cation transporters (OCT2 and OCT3), organic anion transporter (OAT1), and monoamine transporters were also inhibited by IRIP. Conversely, inhibition of IRIP expression by small interfering RNA or antisense RNA increased MPP+ uptake. We measured transport kinetics of OCT2-mediated uptake and demonstrated that IRIP overexpression significantly decreased Vmax but did not affect Km. On the basis of these results, we propose that IRIP regulates the activity of a variety of transporters under normal and pathological conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6496-6508
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Issue number15
StatePublished - Aug 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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