Is isolated ST segment elevation in Lead aVR associated with high grade coronary artery disease?

Emily Hiltner, Ammar Al Akshar, Prachi Thanawala, Abdul Hakeem, James Coromilas, John Kassotis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The diagnostic accuracy of lead aVR ST-segment elevation for left main or triple vessel disease (LM/3VD) has not been universally accepted. In the present analysis we sought to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of STEaVR in patients presenting with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods: Pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive, and negative likelihood ratios were calculated using a random effects model (DerSimonian-Laird Method) for computing summary estimates and receiver operator curve (ROC) analysis for evaluating overall diagnostic accuracy. Results: This meta-analysis included 14 studies. The pooled sensitivity of STEaVR for LM/3VD was 0.40 (95% CI; 0.38 0.43, p < 0.001), specificity 0.82 (95% CI; 0.81–0.83, p < 0.001). Pooled positive likelihood ratio 2.49 (95% CI; 1.62–3.81, p < 0.001) and negative likelihood 0.54 (95% CI; 0.39–0.76, p < 0.001). The pooled sensitivity of STEaVR for LM was 0.39 (95% CI; 0.34–0.45, p < 0.001) specificity was 0.86 (95% CI; 0.85–0.87, p < 0.001) with an AUC of 0.79. The pooled positive likelihood ratio (LR) for LM was 2.78 (95% CI, 2.28–3.39, p < 0.001) negative likelihood ratio 0.51 (95% CI, 0.33–0.78, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Our study shows that in patients presenting with an ACS, presence of STEaVR may indicate the presence of LM or 3VD. STEaVR has a high specificity for both LM and 3VD, with a high pooled LR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)170-177
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Electrocardiology
StatePublished - Sep 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


  • Left main coronary artery disease
  • Multi vessel disease
  • ST elevation


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