A virus from neoplastic soft-shell clams, Mya arenaria, has been isolated. Its morphological and physical properties are similar to those of B-type retroviruses. It is enveloped, pleomorphic, averaging 120 nm in size with an eccentric nucleoid. Possible A-type particles have also been observed. The bouyant density of the particle ranged from 1.17 to 1.18 g/cm3 and the ultraviolet absorption 260 280-nm ratio was 1.23. The virus has been shown to cause a hematopoietic neoplasm in Mya. Purified virus from neoplastic clams was innoculated into nonneoplastic clams. Most of these clams developed tumors within 2 months. Virus isolated from inoculated clams which developed neoplasia was inoculated into nonneoplastic clams. Most of these clams also developed neoplasia thus completing Koch's postulates.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Mya arenaria
- hematopoietic neoplasm
- physical properties