Label-free dynamic segmentation and morphological analysis of subcellular optical scatterers

Mohammad Naser, Rene S. Schloss, Pauline Berjaud, Nada N. Boustany

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Imaging without fluorescent protein labels or dyes presents significant advantages for studying living cells without confounding staining artifacts and with minimal sample preparation. Here, we combine label-free optical scatter imaging with digital segmentation and processing to create dynamic subcellular masks, which highlight significantly scattering objects within the cells' cytoplasms. The technique is tested by quantifying organelle morphology and redistribution during cell injury induced by calcium overload. Objects within the subcellular mask are first analyzed individually. We show that the objects' aspect ratio and degree of orientation ("orientedness") decrease in response to calcium overload, while they remain unchanged in untreated control cells. These changes are concurrent with mitochondrial fission and rounding observed by fluorescence, and are consistent with our previously published data demonstrating scattering changes associated with mitochondrial rounding during calcium injury. In addition, we show that the magnitude of the textural features associated with the spatial distribution of the masked objects' orientedness values, changes by more than 30% in the calcium-treated cells compared with no change or changes of less than 10% in untreated controls, reflecting dynamic changes in the overall spatial distribution and arrangement of subcellular scatterers in response to injury. Taken together, our results suggest that our method successfully provides label-free morphological signatures associated with cellular injury. Thus, we propose that dynamically segmenting and analyzing the morphology and organizational patterns of subcellular scatterers as a function of time can be utilized to quantify changes in a given cellular condition or state.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number096004
JournalJournal of Biomedical Optics
Volume23
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biomedical Engineering

Keywords

  • digital image processing
  • label-free
  • mitochondrial rounding
  • optical scatter imaging
  • texture feature

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