Labels and Mandates in the United Kingdom

Sarah Childs, Mona Lena Krook

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

18 Scopus citations


This chapter explores the effects of party quotas introduced in the early 1990s by the Labour Party in the United Kingdom. Because this policy took the form of all-women shortlists (AWS) applied in some districts but not others, it permits a comparison between quota and non-quota women. Sarah Childs and Mona Lena Krook draw on three waves of interviews with Labour women first elected in 1997, thus controlling for party and cohort. They compare whether women from these two groups feel obligated to represent women (mandate effect) but also experience negative stereotypes (label effect). They find that quota women and non-quota women assume distinct roles vis-à-vis women's substantive representation. While mandates are more common than labels among all MPs, labels are more acute for women selected via AWS. Childs and Krook also note, however, that the stigma of being a "quota woman" lessened over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Impact of Gender Quotas
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780199932924
ISBN (Print)9780199830091
StatePublished - May 24 2012
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Sciences(all)


  • All-women shortlists
  • Gender quotas
  • Labour party
  • Political representation
  • United Kingdom


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