Background Published results addressing the treatment of colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) with radiofrequency ablation (RFA) vary widely with local recurrence rates of 2-40% and 5-year survival of 14-55%. The goal of this study was to analyze our 10-year experience with laparoscopic RFA. Methods From January 2000 to July 2010, 130 patients underwent laparoscopic RFA for CRLM. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to assess survival. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to identify factors associated with survival and recurrence. Results In this cohort, median survival was 40.4 months with 5-year survival of 28.8%. Overall, 9.2% of patients had a local recurrence (3.6% for tumors 3 cm or less). On univariate analysis, factors associated with decreased survival were BMI (P = 0.045), rectal primary (P = 0.005), and increased tumor size (P = 0.002). On multivariate analysis, increased tumor size (HR 1.29 [95% CI: 1.04-1.59]; P = 0.020) and bilobar disease (HR 2.06 [95% CI: 1.02-4.15]; P = 0.044) were associated with decreased survival. On univariate analysis, only BMI was found to be associated with disease recurrence (P = 0.025). Conclusions Our data demonstrate that laparoscopic RFA can achieve a median survival of 40.4 months with a low local recurrence rate. Patients with tumors 3 cm or less have a decreased risk of local recurrence.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- colorectal cancer
- hepatic ablation
- liver metastases
- radiofrequency ablation