Light quality, growth, and essential oil in dill (anethum graveolens l.)

S. Hälvä, L. E. Craker, E. J. Simon, D. J. Charles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


The effect of light quality on growth and essential oil production in dill herb was studied by comparing plants receiving supplemental red, far-red, and blue end-of-day light treatments with control plants not receiving any supplemental light treatment. No significant differenes were observed in biomass yield from end-of-day light treatments but control plants and blue light-treated plants had shorter internodes and produced relatively high herb yields. Far-red light induced internode growth, decreased leaf area, and increased the rate of plant development more than all other light treatments. Red light also increased plant growth and induced an elongation of the internodes. Essential oil concentration was highest in plants grown under far-red light treatments. Red light treatment for 4 h also induced more oil production than control and blue light treatments. When the dill plants were exposed to 4 h of red and far-red light yields of benzofuranoid, α-phellandrene, β-phellandrene, p-cymene, and other essential oil constituents, except for myristicin, were increased as compared with plants exposed to control, blue light, or 2 h light treatments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-69
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Herbs, Spices and Medicinal Plants
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Jul 13 1992
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Complementary and alternative medicine


  • Blue light
  • Far-red light
  • Oil composition
  • Red light

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