Limbic system-associated membrane protein (LAMP) induces neurite outgrowth and intracellular Ca2+ increase in primary fetal neurons

V. Zhukareva, N. Chernevskaya, A. Pimenta, M. Nowycky, P. Levitt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


The ability of cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) to transduce cell surface signals into intracellular responses is critical for developing neurons, particularly during axonal pathfinding and targeting. It has been suggested that different CAMs can promote neuronal outgrowth via activation of common neuronal CAM-specific second-messenger pathways, although the elements involved in this cascade could differ. Limbic system-associated membrane protein (LAMP), a member of the Ig superfamily, is a molecule that promotes cell adhesion and neurite outgrowth from specific populations of fetal neurons. In the present study, we show that LAMP can induce several types of calcium (Ca2+) signals. Neurite outgrowth is promoted if fetal hippocampal neurons are grown on lamp-transfected CHO cells. This LAMP-induced outgrowth of neurons is mediated in part through activation of L-type Ca channels. Application of soluble LAMP to cultures of fetal hippocampal neurons caused a sustained (up to 60 min) elevation of intracellular Ca2+ as measured by fluo-3 fluorescence on a confocal microscope. The number of responding hippocampal neurons was initially low, but increased with age in culture and the [Ca2+](i) elevation was only partially decreased by an L-type Ca2+channel blocker. In contrast, at all times in culture, only a small fraction of neurons from visual cortex responded to LAMP application and only with transient elevation of cytosolic Ca2+ (<15 min). Based on these observations, LAMP appears to function primarily through homophilic interactions and acts in part by modulating intracellular Ca2+ levels during neurite outgrowth by increasing the Ca2+ influx through L-type calcium channels, but has additional effects on intracellular Ca2+ signaling at later developmental stages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-55
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular and Cellular Neurosciences
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Cell Biology


  • Cell adhesion molecules
  • Intracellular calcium
  • Limbic system
  • Neurite outgrowth


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